Most agreements are similar and are generally designed for two things: the table below presents the different types of social security benefits to be paid under the U.S. and Canadian social security systems and briefly outlines eligibility requirements for each type of benefit. If you do not qualify for these benefits, the agreement can help you qualify (see “How Benefits Can Be Paid”). Canada has international social security agreements with more than 50 countries with comparable pension plans. These agreements are supposed to: Although the U.S.-Canada agreement and the U.S.-Quebec agreement allow the Social Security Administration to count your CPP or QPP credits to help you qualify for U.S. pension, disability or survival benefits, the agreement does not cover Medicare benefits. Therefore, we cannot count your credits in Canada or Quebec to qualify for free Medicare insurance. Among the 50 countries are the United States, France, Germany, Australia, Japan and many small countries. Canada has only a limited agreement with the United Kingdom. The term “totalization” defines the second objective of the agreement. The ultimate goal is for a worker`s social benefits, whether paid in Switzerland or abroad, to be added up (or added up) so that the worker can, if eligible, withdraw these funds from a single government. If individuals are required to contribute to social security programs outside their home country, they are entitled to receive these benefits if they meet certain specifications set by the host government. I am a U.S.
citizen and Canadian permanent resident who worked in the United States for 17 years before moving to Canada with my family in 2012. I intend to leave the CPC full-time next year with 5 years of contributions. Assuming that I could use my work history in the United States to obtain eligibility under the U.S.-Canada agreement, how would my benefit amount be calculated? I ask the question because I am trying to determine the relative benefits of the U.S. Social Security benefit over the KKPp benefit. The SS consultant I spoke with said that I could only get benefits under one of the two plans, not both. My annual income in Canada is about $80,000 to $90,000 a year. In the last 6 years 6 pre 7 of my years in the U.S. my income was comparable to this one, but it was much lower upstream and the total amount I will receive from SS is relatively small because they calculate benefits on the basis of an average over a number of years. I suppose I would do better under CPC, but I do not know how my amount of benefits would be calculated here in Canada.
Perhaps you could let me know. Thank you very much. Meeting these minimum contribution requirements is generally not difficult if you have lived in Canada all your life. It is much more difficult if you have moved to one or another country partly through life. In the absence of a social security agreement between these countries, individuals would not be entitled to benefits from one or both of these countries. For example, U.S. agreements allow the U.S. Social Security Administration to add U.S. and foreign coverage credits only if the employee earns at least six-quarters of U.S.
coverage. (“quarter” refers to work credits, with a credit for 2014 for each gain of $1,200 up to a maximum of four credits per year).) Similarly, a person may need a minimum amount of coverage under the foreign country plan in order to account for U.S. coverage to meet the conditions for foreign benefits. The legislative references contained in the Social Security Agreements for Canada are the Old Age Security Act and the Pension Plan Canada. Canada Pension Plan Canada has numerous overseas totalization agreements.